Edward Augustus Kendall was a British traveller, translator, social campaigner and writer. He is best known to Americans as the author of a journal with the self-explanatory title of “Travels through the northern parts of the United States in 1807 and 1808, in 3 volumes” (New York, I. Riley, 1809). His name will come up elsewhere on this blog as a chronicler of the petroglyphs at “Indian Rock,” as he knew the carvings at the mouth of Wantastekw/West River, at Wantastegok/Brattleboro. That account is also found in the aforementioned travel journal; fyi, the references to Vermont instances of Native carving are all recounted in Volume 3.
Kendall recounts that he saw a pine tree in Weathersfield, VT with carvings on four different facets of the trunk. He may have made some leaps of logic in his explanations, but the observation itself stands as an example of memory marking in the landscape utilizing trees, similar to that of Quintin Stockwell’s account at Pocumtuk. We can discuss his interpretations of the individual figures that he witnessed in another post down the line. As Kendall’s book hasn’t been digitized to my knowledge, but it has been scanned, I post here screenshots of his narrative from the pertinent section:
Kendall’s historical attribution of the pine carvings may be a little off too, dating it to the 1704 Deerfield raid. But that’s not something we need to disparage right now. Suffice it to note that his record is another example of awighigan encoded in landscape features.
Samuel Drake’s Indian Captivities or Life In The Wigwam, 1850 a compilation
From the Narrative of the Captivity of Quintin Stockwell, Who was taken at Deerfield, in Massachusetts, by a Party of Inland Indians, in the Year 1677; Communicated in his own Words, and Originally Published by the Eminent Dr. Increase Mather, in the Year 1684
In the year 1677, September the 19th, between sunset and dark, the Indians came upon us. I and another man, being together, we ran away at the outcry the Indians made, shouting and shooting at some others of the English that were hard by… They now took and bound me and led me away, and soon was I brought into the company of other captives, who were that day brought away from Hatfield, who were about a mile off… About the break of day we marched again, and got over that great river at Pecomptuck [Deerfield] River mouth, and there rested about two hours. Here the Indians marked out upon trees the number of their captives and slain, as their manners.
Recall is made of the story of Roanoke’s Lost Colony, and the tree found with the word “Croatoan” carved on the trunk.
From Nur Tiven and Nolumbeka Project:
Please join me and David Brule from the Nolumbeka Project on Saturday, May 13th, for a half-day hiking and Native history tour along the Pocumtuck Ridge Trail. The PRT passes through beautiful highland wilderness and riverside forests, offering some great vistas along the way. On the walk, we’ll learn about the history of the region and it’s original inhabitants and stewards, the Pocumtuck people. The history will span before, during, and after contact with the European immigrants.
We’ll start in Great Falls (Turners Falls) and walk south on the PRT through the wilderness of Greenfield’s Rocky Mt. Park, Highland Park, Connecticut River, Deerfield River, ending at Woolman Hill Conference Center in Deerfield (Approx 5 miles)
At 6:30pm, we’ll end with a talk at Woolman’s Meeting Hall, open to the public, with more in-depth historical information and narratives from the research of the Nolumbeka Project. By Donation, Open to Everyone (must be able to walk 5 miles along mostly gentle terrain)
Questions? Please email me! I hope you’ll be able to join us!
Nur Tiven firstname.lastname@example.org
On Saturday, Feb. 27, and Sunday, Feb. 28, the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association plans to host a commemoration of the 1704 raid on Deerfield. The battle that took place in the fields north of town will be re-enacted Saturday at 2 p.m., on Deerfield Academy’s athletic fields at the end of Albany Road. A master of ceremonies will provide commentary about the battle. Sunday is slated to feature additional entertainment, including a lecture by Amherst College historian Kevin Sweeney in an event sponsored by Historic Deerfield, Inc.
Full story in the Greenfield Recorder.